As technology continues to evolve and shift our world, cybersecurity risks also increase. News about major cyber-attacks has become a daily occurrence, prompting companies all around the world to work harder than ever before to keep themselves and their clients safe from potential cybersecurity threats. As such, cybersecurity has become one of the fastest-growing industries at the moment, providing plenty of high-paying jobs and countless career advancement opportunities for those who join the field.
Here is a list of top 10 technical skills you must know in order to ensure a successful career in cybersecurity.
1. Security Incident Handling & Response
You must be able to handle any imminent threat of current violation of an organisation’s security policies or standard security practices. These security incidents could include malware, ransomware, phishing, Advanced Persistent Threats, Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, and more.
2. SIEM Management
You should be able to manage and analyse the security information and event management (SIEM) tools and services.
3. Audit & Compliance
To become a security practitioner, you must be able to conduct a thorough review of the organisation’s adherence to regulation guidelines, such as HIPAA, FISMA, SOX, PCI DSS, GDPR, ISO 27001 and 20000, and COBIT. Security audit and compliance knowledge is very important because any missed area of regulatory compliance could lead to significant fines and penalties for the organisation.
4. Analytics & Intelligence
You must be able to leverage analytics and intelligence gathering to identify and detect attacks as quickly as possible. Using analytics and intelligence allows the security practitioner to aggregate network and application data to prevent attacks from occurring in the future.
5. Firewall/IDS/IPS Skills
A Cybersecurity practitioner must be able to leverage a firewall to filter network traffic and prevent unauthorised access onto the network. In addition, the security expert must have a knowledge of Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) and Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS) and know how they relate to the firewall.
6. Intrusion Detection
You should know how to operate the IDS and then identify any suspicious traffic on the network as well as any security policy violations.
7. Application Security Development
You should be able to improve the security of any application by finding, fixing, and preventing its vulnerabilities. In addition, the expert must test and validate during the software development lifecycle (SDLC) so that vulnerabilities are addressed before an application is deployed.
8. Advanced Malware Prevention
Leveraging advanced threat protection software to prevent, detect, and identify Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs) that might circumvent traditional security solutions like anti-virus, firewalls, and IPS/IDS should be on your skill set.
9. Data Management Protection
You must be able to handle, analyse, and securely store all types of data.
10. Digital Forensics
As a cybersecurity practitioner, you should understand forensic tools and investigative methods are used to find data, anomalies, and malicious activity on the network, in files, or other areas of the business.